Campylobacter infection is a type of gastroenteritis (gastro) caused by a bacteria known as Campylobacter. Symptoms include diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting and stomach cramps. Infection is more common in children under five years of age and young adults. Children's sandpits can become contaminated with Campylobacter through animal faeces. Undercooked meat, especially chicken, unpasteurised milk, infected water and unwashed hands contaminated with faeces (poo) from the toilet or nappies are also sources.
Campylobacteriosis is a type of gastroenteritis (gastro) caused by a bacteria known as Campylobacter. Symptoms usually develop two to five days after becoming infected with the bacteria. All age groups can be affected but infection is more common in children under five years of age and young adults. Elderly people and those with other medical conditions often develop more severe symptoms. Examination of a faeces (poo) sample will determine if you have the infection.
The most common symptoms of campylobacteriosis are:
- Diarrhoea (this may contain blood or mucous)
- Stomach cramps
- Nausea and vomiting.
How you can become infected
Campylobacter bacteria are found in the faeces of many animals, including farm animals and household pets. People become infected when Campylobacter bacteria are taken in by mouth and this can happen by:
- Eating undercooked meat, especially chicken.
- Drinking unpasteurised milk or drinking water contaminated with Campylobacter.
- Eating cooked food, which has been cross-contaminated with Campylobacter bacteria from raw food.
- Handling infected animals and not washing hands afterwards.
- People with Campylobacter bacteria in their faeces do not wash their hands properly after going to the toilet. Contaminated hands can then contaminate food which may be eaten by others and surfaces which may be touched by others.
- Hands become contaminated when changing the nappy of an infected infant.
Contact your doctor if you think you are infected
It is very important to your doctor if you think you have campylobacteriosis. To find out if you have the infection, the doctor will arrange a faeces (poo) sample for testing. If the results of the tests show that you have campylobacteriosis, the doctor will provide advice and appropriate treatment and will notify the Department of Health Victoria.
Preventing the spread of Campylobacter
To prevent the spread of infection:
- Keep children home from school, child care or kindergarten until their symptoms have stopped.
- Do not go back to work until symptoms have stopped if you are a food handler, childcare or healthcare worker.
- Do not prepare or handle food until your symptoms have stopped.
- Do not share your towel or face washer with the infected person.
- Wash your hands with soap and hot running water after using the toilet, changing nappies and before preparing food.
- Clean bathrooms and other surfaces regularly.
Safe food storage and preparation
The risk of becoming infected with Campylobacter can be minimised by:
- Cooking all raw foods, especially meat, and washing raw vegetables properly.
- Storing food below 5 degrees Celsius or above 60 degrees Celsius to prevent the growth of bacteria.
- Washing tongs, knives and cutting boards between using them for raw foods and cooked or ready-to-eat foods.
- Ensuring the internal temperature of reheated foods reaches at least 75 degrees Celsius.
- Keeping all kitchen surfaces and equipment clean.
Children’s sandpits can become contaminated with Campylobacter through animal faeces. Rake the sand regularly and remove any animal faeces. Cover the sandpit when it is not in use.
Where to get help
- Your doctor
- Your local council’s health department
- Communicable Disease Prevention and Control Unit, Department of Health Victoria Tel. 1300 651 160
Things to remember
- Campylobacteriosis is a type of gastro caused by a bacteria.
- Many healthy animals can carry Campylobacter bacteria in their faeces and spread the infection to humans.
- Safe food handling and thorough handwashing can help prevent campylobacteriosis.
You might also be interested in:
- Gastroenteritis - amoebiasis.
- Gastroenteritis - cryptosporidiosis.
- Gastroenteritis - giardiasis.
- Gastroenteritis - salmonellosis.
- Gastroenteritis in children.
- Handwashing - why it's important.
- Infections - bacterial and viral.
- Swimming pools - infection control.
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Last reviewed: January 2012
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