Diabetes occurs when blood glucose (sugar) levels are raised due to problems producing or processing insulin. Diabetes may be genetic, pregnancy related or caused by obesity or illness and may be type 1 or type 2.
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Topic: Diabetes complications
The risk of most diabetes-related complications can be reduced.
Diabetic coma is a medical emergency and needs prompt medical treatment.
Men with diabetes are more prone to problems with erectile dysfunction, or impotence.
Kidney failure means the kidneys can no longer remove waste and maintain the level of fluid and salts that the body needs.
People with poorly controlled diabetes have a higher risk of tooth and gum problems.
Diabetic neuropathy is nerve damage caused by high blood glucose levels.
Without treatment, diabetic retinopathy can cause loss of vision and blindness.
Hyperglycaemia means too much glucose is circulating in the blood.