Female reproductive system
The female reproductive system is involved in sexuality and fertility. It includes the vagina, womb (uterus), fallopian tubes and ovaries. Menstrual periods, ovulation, pregnancy, birth and menopause are part of the female reproductive cycle.
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Endometriosis is a painful condition that may be treated with medications or surgery.
Often, fibroids do not cause any problems, but they are occasionally associated with infertility, miscarriage and premature labour.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) occurs when an infection spreads from the vagina to the cervix and fallopian tubes.
The pelvic floor and associated supporting ligaments can be weakened or damaged in many ways, causing uterine prolapse.
Painful sex may be caused by a retroverted uterus.
Uterine cancer is one of the most common gynaecological cancers.
Uterine inversion means the placenta fails to detach from the uterine wall, and pulls the uterus inside-out as it exits.